Find the Celebrity

def knows(a: int, b: int) -> bool:


# Solution

Note that it takes $O(n)$ time to check if a person is a celebrity.

# Brute Force

Check if each person is a celebrity.

Complexity:

• time: $O(n^2)$
• space: $O(1)$
def findCelebrity(self, n):
for i in range(n):
founded = True
for j in range(n):
if i==j:
continue
founded = founded and (knows(j,i) and not knows(i,j))
if founded:
return i
return -1


# Logical Deduction

Let's ask this question: does A know B? If the answer is yes, then A is defo not a celebrity; o.w., B is not a celebrity. Thus, we could ask this question n-1 times and get a candidate for celebrity.

We then check if everyone else knows the candidate and the candidate knows no one else.

Complexity:

• time: $O(n)$
• space: \$O(1)
def findCelebrity(self, n):
candidate = 0

for i in range(1,n):
if not knows(i,candidate):
### above line could also be: ###
# if knows(candidate,i):
candidate = i
# check if candidate is a celebrity
for i in range(n):
if i==candidate:
continue
if knows(candidate, i) or not knows(i, candidate):
return -1
return candidate

Last Updated: 7/19/2020, 3:45:14 PM